The well-being of our organism is maintained thanks to the balance between several neurotransmitters, and the dominance of one of them over the others will determine our personality and our general behaviour.
What are neurotransmitters?
They are infinitesimal chemical substances that are responsible for transmitting information between different areas of the nervous system (brain, spinal cord and nerves).
Of all the neurotransmitters, the most “important” are those of our brain, because of the control they exert on the neurons. If the balance is broken between the four most important neurotransmitters (Dopamine, Acetylcholine, GABA and Serotonin), we then should restore it. And this translates in our lives in a greater well-being state, with more energy, ideal weight, increased memory and cognitive potential, stability, less anxiety, tranquility and a restful sleep.
Each of these neurotransmitters has its specific properties and aplications, being possible the deficit or excess of them.
DOPAMINE: it is associated with the high-voltage waves of the brain, affecting the power of mind and body. If it is at normal levels, we will feel very energetic and with fast reflexes. People who have a lot of this neurotransmitter are active, they know what they want and how to get it.
- Effects of excess of Dopamine: disorganized thoughts, loose associations, hallucinations, disabling compulsion, tics, stereotypical behaviors; linked to psychosis, schizophrenia and manic depression
- Effects of deficits of Dopamine: low energy, low self-esteem, an inability to focus, feeling demotivated and inexplicably sad or tearful
ACETYLCHOLINE: serves as a transmitter substance of nerve impulses within the central and peripheral nervous systems. It is known to play an important role in memory and learning and is in abnormally short supply in the brains of persons with Alzheimer disease.
- Effects of excess of Acetylcholine: self-consciousness, over-inhibition, anxious, depression, psychosomatic complains; can be linked to social anxiety disorders
- Effects of deficits of Acetylcholine: anti-cholinergic effects, lack of inhibition, poor memory, euphorin, antisocial behaviour manic behaviours, speech blockages.
GABA (Gamma-aminobutyric acid): it is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. It is a neurotransmitter that blocks impulses between nerve cells in the brain.
- Effects of excess of GABA: sleep and eating disorders
- Effects of deficits of GABA: Huntington disease, tremors loss of motor control, personality change, anxiety disorders
SEROTONIN: it is related to the control of appetite, sleep, memory and learning, temperature regulation, mood, behaviour, cardiovascular function, muscle contraction, endocrine regulation and depression.
- Effects of excess of Serotonin: sedation; in extreme excess can cause hallucinations and mania. Linked with anxiety disorders, mood disorders and eating disorders
- Effects of deficits of Serotonin: irritability, hostility, depression, sleep disturbances
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